Welcome to the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics. Since Dental caries and pulpal disease are the commonest problems suffered by the human population in India, being Endodontists and specialists in conservative dentistry, we should be proud to alleviate these problems by providing the necessary treatment. To provide this, one should have necessary knowledge, skill, desire and attitudes.
“Endo” is the Greek word for “inside” and “odont” is Greek for “tooth.” Endodontic treatment is treatment of the inside of the tooth. Its study and practice encompass the basic and clinical sciences including the biology of the normal pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions. Endodontics is the study of “saving teeth”—in other words, of treating and preventing disorders of the dental pulp, or soft tissues.
One of the endodontists’ most frequently occurring tasks is treatment of the root canal—the removal of damaged pulp from within the root canal of a tooth. Such treatment is required when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. Inflammation and infection can occur as a result of tooth decay, tooth cracks, or repeated dental work on the same tooth. In some cases, such as calcified canal, blocked apices, or aberrant root morphology, root canal treatment may be impossible.
In such cases, endodontic surgery is required instead. Surgery may also be required to remedy earlier treatments that failed to heal. In some cases, surgery can be used as a diagnostic tool; opening the tooth can allow the endodontist to find the cause of unexplained discomfort in a patient. Specialization in this field requires two to three years of study in addition to dental college, plus frequent continuing education courses to keep the endodontist up-to-date with the latest research and development in their field.